Freedom House-Freedom in the World 2018-TURKEY Profile

Freedom in the World 2018: Democracy in Crisis
https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/freedom-world-2018

Freedom in the World 2018: TURKEY Profile
https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2018/turkey

Overview:
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) has been the ruling party in Turkey since 2002. After initially passing some liberalizing reforms, the government has shown growing contempt for political rights and civil liberties in recent years, perpetrating serious abuses in areas including minority rights, free expression, associational rights, corruption, and the rule of law.

Status Change Explanation: 

Turkey’s status declined from Partly Free to Not Free, its political rights rating declined from 4 to 5, and its civil liberties rating declined from 5 to 6 due to a deeply flawed constitutional referendum that centralized power in the presidency, the mass replacement of elected mayors with government appointees, arbitrary prosecutions of rights activists and other perceived enemies of the state, and continued purges of state employees, all of which have left citizens hesitant to express their views on sensitive topics.

Freedom House - TURKEY

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