24. In the aftermath of the failed coup, on 20 July 2016, the Government of Turkey declared a state of emergency, derogated from both the European Convention on Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and adopted a series of decrees with the force of law (kanun hükmünde kararname (KHK)) extensively interfering with the human rights of persons suspected to be associated with the coup plotters or the Gülenist movement. In particular, in the period between the failed coup and the Special Rapporteur’s visit, approximately 100,000 public officials had been suspended or dismissed, and more than 40,000 individuals had been arrested, including military and police officers, judges, prosecutors, human rights defenders, journalists, lawyers and health-care personnel. Since the Special Rapporteur’s visit, many more such arrests have reportedly taken place.
58. Turkey also adopted a series of decrees with the force of law significantly affecting the human rights and procedural guarantees of individuals, groups and organizations suspected of being involved with the attempted coup, with the Gülenist movement or in other activities perceived to be related to terrorism.
95. In cases of death in custody, autopsies were reportedly systematically performed, but it was not possible to assess whether or not they were carried out in accordance with international minimum standards, and in particular, the Minnesota Protocol. Numerous interlocutors mentioned that, according to official records, a number of detainees suspected of being affiliated with the Gülenist movement had committed suicide in custody, although there was no confirmation of this cause of death by independent autopsies.
(Date-20171218) UN General Assembly Report of the Special Rapporteur-G1736252